Ugandan Parliament approves plan to build new Capital City to decongest Kampala

The Ugandan parliament unanimously passed a proposal from its finance committee on Thursday for the government to immediately embark on creation of another city to decongest the country’s capital, Kampala.


The decision was taken while considering the second five year National Development Plan (NDP) which will be implemented from financial years 2015/2016 to 2020/2021.

Although the committee did not propose where the new capital city will be built, Nakasongola has been favored by several previous governments and many urban development professionals because of its central location, which would make it easily accessible by all the regions in the country.

Nakasongola is almost 20 times bigger than Kampala with a very low population density. According to Uganda’s National Population and Housing Census 2014 released by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS), Nakasongora’s population density stood at 51.8 people/ km² with a total area of 3,511.8 km² compared to Kampala which had 8,418.7 people/ km² with a total area of 180.1 km².

The district is close to Kiryandongo district where the 600 megawatts Karuma hydro power project is being constructed, and also close to the oil region of Bunyoro, which places it in a strategic location to tap the spill overs from the oil and gas industry to develop.

According to Uganda’s Vision 2040, four regional cities have been proposed to be established which include; Arua, Gulu, Mbale, and Mbarara, and five strategic cities which include; Hoima (oil), Nakasongola (industrial), Fort Portal (tourism), Moroto (mining), and Jinja (industrial).

These ambitious plans to build a new capital and also establish strategic and regional cities, wont only help decongest the existing capital, Kampala, but will also boost the country’s construction and infrastructure sectors creating a multitude of investment opportunities over the next 5-10 year period in these sectors with spillovers to other sectors.

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